Careers in Engineering

The engineering industry primarily deals with the design and manufacture of structures, machines and devices in a wide variety of fields. This diverse industry is compromised of civil, industrial, mechanical and chemical sectors.

The following highlights different career routes in these professions and more:

  • Civil Engineer – involved in the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining and operating infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health, as well as improving existing infrastructures.
  • Electrical Engineer – designs, develops and maintains electrical control systems and components to required specifications, focusing on economy, safety, reliability, quality and sustainability.
  • Environmental Engineer – uses the principles of engineering, soil science, biology, and chemistry to develop solutions to environmental problems.
  • Mechanical Engineer – provides efficient solutions to the development of processes and products, ranging from small component designs to extremely large plant, machinery or vehicles.
  • Manufacturing Engineer – deals with different manufacturing practices and includes the research, design and development of systems, processes, machines, tools and equipment.
  • Nuclear Engineer – designs the equipment and creates the operating procedures used in nuclear power plants.
  • Petroleum Engineer – involved in nearly all of the stages of oil and gas field evaluation, development and production. The aim of their work is to maximise hydrocarbon recovery at minimum cost while maintaining a strong emphasis on reducing environmental impact.
  • Aerospace Engineer – concerned with the research, design, development, construction, testing, science and technology of aircraft or spacecraft.
  • Software Engineer  involved in the establishment and use of sound engineering principles in order to economically obtain software that is reliable and works efficiently on real machines.
  • Marine Engineer  applies engineering sciences, mostly mechanical and electrical engineering, to the development, design, operation and maintenance of watercraft propulsion and on-board systems.
  • Geological Engineer – involved in the application of the geologic sciences to engineering practice for the purpose of assuring that the geologic factors affecting the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of engineering works.
  • Agricultural Engineer – designs, installs and services agricultural, horticultural and forestry machinery and equipment.
  • Automotive Engineer – designs, develops, test and builds domestic motor vehicles, racing cars and motorbikes. They also work on improving components like engines, electronics and aerodynamics
  • Heating and ventilation Engineer  installs and services the heating and air conditioning systems found mainly in larger buildings like office blocks, factories, schools and hospitals.
  • Animatronics Engineer – builds and monitors robotic objects that simulate human and animal physical actions.
  • Systems Engineer – works as part of a team to design, install, monitor and develop manufacturing equipment and assembly lines in factories, also be involved in the design and building of new manufacturing plants.
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